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cygnus constellation

In recent years, amateur astronomers have made some notable Cygnus discoveries. The two components are visible in a medium-sized amateur telescope. It lies close to the galactic plane and is very obscured by interstellar matter of the Milky Way. Seine charakteristische Form ist jedoch nur bei Langzeitbelichtungen sichtbar - bei Teleskopen ist es aufgrund seiner geringen Oberflächenhelligkeit schwer zu beobachten . Cygnus is associated with the myth of Zeus and Leda in Greek mythology. In New Zealand it was called Mara-tea, in the Society Islands it was called Pirae-tea or Taurua-i-te-haapa-raa-manu, and in the Tuamotus it was called Fanui-raro. Dolidze 11 ist ein 400 Millionen Jahre alter offener Cluster, der mit 3700 Lichtjahren am weitesten von den dreien entfernt ist. Albireo is composed of a yellow star with an apparent magnitude of 3.18, which is in fact itself a close binary star, and a fainter blue companion star with an apparent magnitude of 5.82. Eines der bemerkenswertesten Systeme ist das Kepler-11- System, das sechs Transitplaneten enthält , die sich alle in einer Ebene von ungefähr einem Grad befinden. NGC 7000 wird von einem heißen eingebetteten Stern der Stärke 6 beleuchtet und ist 1500 Lichtjahre von der Erde entfernt. They are usually short lived. Delta Cygni (der eigentliche Name ist Fawaris) ist ein weiterer heller Doppelstern in Cygnus, 171 Lichtjahre mit einer Periode von 800 Jahren. It is predicted that the two stars will coalesce in about 2022, briefly forming a new naked-eye object. Psi Cygni is a binary star visible in small amateur telescopes, with two white components. Collinder 421 is a particularly old open cluster at an age of approximately 1 billion years; it is of magnitude 10.1. Siehe auch: Cygnus in der chinesischen Astronomie. The glow comes from the millions of stars that lie in the galaxy and is often referred to as a star cloud. Es gibt eine Fülle von Deep-Sky-Objekten mit vielen offenen Clustern , Nebeln verschiedener Arten und Supernova-Überresten, die aufgrund ihrer Lage an der Milchstraße in Cygnus gefunden wurden. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.490. Two other emission nebulae include Sharpless 2-112 and Sharpless 2-115. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.20. There are several other dimmer double and binary stars in Cygnus. Orpheus wurde nach seinem Mord in einen Schwan verwandelt und soll neben seiner Leier ( Lyra ) in den Himmel gestellt worden sein ; und der König Cygnus wurde in einen Schwan verwandelt. Zeus disguised himself as a swan to seduce Leda, Spartan king Tyndareus's wife, who gave birth to the Gemini, Helen of Troy, and Clytemnestra;[4] Orpheus was transformed into a swan after his murder, and was said to have been placed in the sky next to his lyre (Lyra); and the King Cygnus was transformed into a swan. Due to its mythical origins, the constellation is a part of the Hercules family of constellations. Of the above three, the myth of Phaeton is the one that is most frequently associated with Cygnus constellation. 61 Cygni is a double star system composed of a pair of two dwarfs belonging to the spectral types K5V and K7V, which orbit each other every 659 years. It is loose, with about 30 stars arranged over a wide area; their conformation appears triangular. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.814 and is 124.2 light years distant from Earth. Die Götter waren so berührt von Cygnus 'Hingabe, dass sie ihn in einen Schwan verwandelten und ihn unter die Sterne stellten. The brightest star within Cygnus is Deneb which is also called Alpha Cygni. Die kalifornische Amateurastronomin Dana Patchick sagte jedoch, er habe es 2005 auf den Umfragefotos des Palomar Observatory entdeckt hatte es zum Zeitpunkt der ersten offiziellen Bekanntmachungen von Waldee und des späteren Papiers von 2010 nicht für andere veröffentlicht, um es zu bestätigen und zu analysieren. Alpha Cygni, called Deneb, is the brightest star in Cygnus. Sein traditioneller Name bedeutet "Brust" und bezieht sich auf seine Position in der Konstellation. [4], The DR 6 cluster is also nicknamed the "Galactic Ghoul" because of the nebula's resemblance to a human face;[54], The Northern Coalsack Nebula, also called the Cygnus Rift, is a dark nebula located in the Cygnus Milky Way. Die Planeten sind sehr nah am Stern; Alle außer dem letzten Planeten sind näher an Kepler-11 als Merkur an der Sonne, und alle Planeten sind massereicher als die Erde. Both of them came crashing back to the Earth. This constellation is one of the original 48 constellations of antiquity. In which galaxy was a black hole discovered in the year 2017? Deneb is a blue-white supergiant belonging to the spectral class A2 Ia, approximately 1,400 light years distant. Beta Cygni or as it’s known more traditionally, Albireo is a binary star system within the constellation. Oktober 2020 um 17:51, This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article. NML Cygni ist ein roter hypergianter halbregelmäßiger variabler Stern, der sich in 5.300 Lichtjahren Entfernung von der Erde befindet. Es ist 11,4 Lichtjahre von der Erde entfernt und hat eine Periode von 750 Jahren. The constellation is easy to find in the sky as it features a well-known asterism known as the Northern Cross. Cygnus gipfelt am 29. It is almost 60,000 times more luminous than our Sun and has about 20 solar masses. [21] 31 Cygni itself is a binary star; the tertiary component is a blue star of magnitude 7.0. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Mit einem spektralen Typ von G6V ist der Stern etwas kühler als die Sonne. In einem Amateurinstrument dieses Clusters sind mehr als 10 Sterne sichtbar, ähnlich groß wie Dolidze 9 mit einem Durchmesser von 7 Bogenminuten, dessen hellster Stern die Stärke 7,5 hat. The star’s closer companion is a yellow-white star belonging to the spectral class F1 V with an apparent magnitude of 6.33. There are a lot of cataloged nebulae in Cygnus, most notably the North America Nebula, and the Crescent Nebula. Infolgedessen gibt es in Cygnus etwa hundert Sterne mit bekannten Planeten, die meisten aller Konstellationen. It is a spectroscopic binary star whose main component is a B3-type blue giant, almost 2,200 times more luminous than the Sun. It is of spectral type A5IIIn and magnitude 4.83, and is around 610 light-years from Earth. Zeus agreed to this, and Cycnus was able to gain access to his friend’s dead body and give him a proper burial. es ist von der Größe 10,1. It was discovered by William Herschel on October 24, 1786. The stars have different coloration: one has a bright golden color, while the other has a bluish tint. Gamma Cygni belongs to the spectral class F8 lab (indicating that the star is a supergiant) and it is approximately 1,800 light years distant from Earth. Milky Way. Its surface temperature is between 3,500 and 5,000 kelvin. The system belongs to the spectral class K3III. Zeus was moved by Cycnus’ sacrifice and placed his image in the sky. Notable objects in the constellation include Cygnus X-1, a famous x-ray source, the bright stars Deneb and Albireo, the Fireworks Galaxy (NGC 6946), and several well-known nebulae: the Pelican Nebula (IC 5070), the North America Nebula (NGC 7000), the Crescent Nebula (NGC 6888), Sadr Region (IC 1318) and the Veil Nebula (NGC 6960, 6962, 6979, 6992, and 6995). The two stars will be closest between 2043 and 2050, when they will require a telescope with larger aperture to split. It is believed to a core-helium fusing giant. Cygnus X ist die größte sternbildende Region in der Solar-Nachbarschaft und umfasst nicht nur einige der hellsten und massereichsten bekannten Sterne (wie Cygnus OB2-12 ), sondern auch Cygnus OB2 , eine massive Sternassoziation, die von einigen Autoren als junger Kugelsternhaufen . Der " Seifenblasennebel " (PN G75.5 + 1.7) in der Nähe des Halbmondnebels wurde 2007 von Dave Jurasevich auf einem digitalen Bild entdeckt. This is believed to be a highly auspicious time to meditate, do any task, or start the day. Here are some of the most popular nebulae in Cygnus: Veil Nebula (Eastern, Western, Pickering’s Triangle, AstroBackyard | Astrophotography Tips and Tutorials 2020. In den letzten Jahren haben Amateurastronomen einige bemerkenswerte Cygnus-Entdeckungen gemacht. How to Find the Lyra Constellation in the Night Sky, How to Find the Capricornus Constellation, How to Find the Sagittarius Constellation in the Night Sky, The Hercules Constellation: Location, Stars, Deep Sky Objects, How to Find the Pisces Constellation in the Night Sky, M.S., Journalism and Mass Communications, University of Colorado - Boulder. It is a red giant ranging between spectral types M4e-M6e(Tc:)III,[40] NML Cygni is a red hypergiant semi-regular variable star located at 5,300 light-years away from Earth. NGC 6974 and NGC 6979 are also regions of nebulosity located in a cloud at the northern edge of the nebula. [52] Less than one degree from the Blinking Planetary is the double star 16 Cygni. It is the 15th nearest known star system to Earth. For gazers in the southern hemisphere who can spot this region of the sky, it's a winter constellation. Der Stern mit bloßem Auge 16 Cygni , ein Dreifachstern, der ungefähr 70 Lichtjahre von der Erde entfernt ist und aus zwei sonnenähnlichen Sternen und einem roten Zwerg besteht , enthält einen Planeten, der einen der sonnenähnlichen Sterne umkreist und aufgrund von Schwankungen der Radialgeschwindigkeit des Sterns gefunden wurde . Sharpless 2–115 is another emission nebula with a complex pattern of light and dark patches. When Cycnus regained his consciousness, he searched around for his dear friend Phaeton and found his dead body at the bottom of the Eridanus River. In 2011, Austrian amateur Matthias Kronberger discovered a planetary nebula (Kronberger 61, now nicknamed "The Soccer Ball") on old survey photos, confirmed recently in images by the Gemini Observatory; both of these are likely too faint to be detected by eye in a small amateur scope. The star’s proper motion was originally demonstrated by the Italian astronomer and mathematician Giuseppe Piazzi in 1804. Collinder 421 appears to be embedded in nebulosity, which extends past the cluster's borders to its west. The reason behind choosing a name such as this is quite obvious once you see the constellation’s shape as it looks like a swan. Its name translates into “swan” in Latin Greek. The lyre is represented by the neighbouring constellation Lyra. 61 Cygni – Bessel’s Star, photo: European Southern Observatory. Its name means “the swan” in Latin, and it is also known as the Swan constellation. [15] Gamma Cygni, traditionally named Sadr, is a yellow-tinged supergiant star of magnitude 2.2, 1500 light-years away. It is the brightest star in Cygnus and the 19th brightest star in the night sky. [36] Chi Cygni is a red giant and the second-brightest Mira variable star at its maximum. The locations of several deep-sky objects in Cygnus. The brightest star has a visual magnitude of 8.59. The Celestial Equator is the projection of the terrestrial equator into space. [44] One of the most notable systems is the Kepler-11 system, containing six transiting planets, all within a plane of approximately one degree. [4], The North America Nebula (NGC 7000) is one of the most well-known nebulae in Cygnus, because it is visible to the unaided eye under dark skies, as a bright patch in the Milky Way. By doing such, Cycnus allowed Phaeton’s soul to travel to the afterlife. The cluster is located about 800 light years from the solar system. Cygnus A is the first radio galaxy discovered; at a distance of 730 million light-years from Earth, it is the closest powerful radio galaxy. Cygnus (Pronounciation:Cig-nus, Abbrev:Cyg, Latin:Cygni) is one of 88 constellations that the night sky is divided into.

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