House A is slightly smaller than house B – picture 1 or picture 2? Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Examples . For example, someone might say that "the blue bird is angrier than the robin. My house is cleaner than your house. This is the most interesting book I have ever read. As goodand badare both irregular forms we use better and worse). SlightlyFrance is slightly bigger than Spain. The comparative form is usually formed by adding an "er" to the adjective. For example, the comparative form of far is further, the comparative form of badis worseand of goodis better. Max is the best at maths in his class, but is the worst at science. In other words, they describe extremes. (We are comparing Max’s ability at maths to David’s and then to Sarah’s. You can compare two things in the comparative form as well as three or more in the superlative form. If you are not sure whether a two-syllable adjective can take a comparative or superlative ending, play it safe and use more and most instead. An active mind makes many mistakes on the pathway to greatness. (We are comparing two different types of food. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Comparative & Superlative Adjectives and Examples Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects. For example, "She's the prettiest princess in all the land.". My brother is taller than I am, but he is older too. Don't forget you can also make comparisons between two or more items with the words "more" and "most." larger, smaller, faster, higher). In these instances, only two items are being compared. The form depends on the number of syllables in the original adjective. boring –the most boring). Adjectives with three or more syllables form the comparative by putting more in front of the adjective, and the superlative by putting most in front. Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (e.g. Learning Japanese is more difficult than learning Italian. House B is far bigger than house A – picture 1 or picture 2. the tallest, the smallest, the fastest, the highest). These are useful to know as they are very commonly used by native speakers and you will likely hear them a lot! old – oldest). That's okay. Continue reading →, Want to improve your English at home? Adjectives, which are words that describe nouns or pronouns, can also be used to make comparisons between different nouns or pronouns.. (cheap), We live nearer to (from) the supermarket than the train station. House B is a little bit taller than house A – picture 1 or picture 2? No problem! boring – more boring). A bit (informal)First class train tickets are always a bit more expensive than standard ones. Use the exercises at the end to practise and don’t forget to download your copy of this free study guide! Have you ever cringed at the thought of something being "more better"? There are also some irregular forms that don’t follow these rules. A great dealIt is a great deal more polluted in London than Cornwall. The second item of comparison can be omitted if it is clear from the context (final It's wise to review the degrees of comparison examples with your students. Superlatives are used to indicate that something has the most of a particular quality, as can be done with the English suffix "-est." For two-syllable or longer adjectives (that don’t end in ‘y’) we keep the adjective the same but add ‘the most’ in front of the adjective (e.g. (far), The traffic’s worse than I expected. Continue reading →, When is the best time for children to start taking Skype English lessons for kids? (Meaning by a long way or by a significant margin). Especially for younger students, "more" and "most" can get tricky. Rewrite these sentences to give them the opposite meaning by using the adjectives in brackets. A superlative adjective compares three or more nouns. You will improve your understanding with our native examples and can test your knowledge with the exercises at the end of the guide. In many cases, both forms are used, although one usage will be more common than the other. (We are comparing grapefruit to all other types of fruit. Confused by comparative and superlative forms in English? For one-syllableadjectives and two-syllable adjectives ending in‘y’we add an –erto the end of the adjective (e.g. Tallis a one-syllable adjective so we add –est to the end), Grapefruit is the healthiest fruit. They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern: Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object). friendly – friendliest). Trains are more expensive than buses in London. When to compare one thing with another, can be use “than” after the adjectives. Superlative adjectives demonstrate a higher level of comparison between entities. Rome is (crowded) __________ city I’ve ever been to. You may find the answer to this surprising. The comparative adjectives in the printable below show how you can make comparisons easily between two entities by adding -er for a comparative adjective: "He's taller than she is." (dirty), The bus is the most expensive form of transport in this city. The way we form comparative adjectives depends on the adjective! 09629443, Email: email@example.comDeveloped by Andrey Kramerov, A-Z of English Idioms: 150 Most Common Expressions, A-Z list of 35 comparative and superlative adjectives with examples, Exercises: Comparative vs. superlative adjectives, How To Use Say, Tell, Speak And Talk: Differences, Expressions, Idioms, How to improve your English speaking online, How to learn English at home: 35 tips for faster results, comfort – more comfortable – the most comfortable, expensive – more expensive – the most expensive, hard-working – more hard-working – the most hard-working, interesting – more interesting – the most interesting, popular – more popular – the most popular. Are you having problems understanding the comparative and superlative in English? Add -er for the comparative and -est for the superlative. With short vowels we double the final consonant before adding the –est(e.g. angry – angrier – the angriest He was angrier yesterday than he was last week. You will have to learn these separately! Making slow progress with your solo studies? SignificantlyThe company’s sales have been significantly better this year. That was (boring) ___________ film I’ve ever seen! We don’t use quantifiers with superlative adjectives but there are common phrases that are used with superlatives. Match the pictures with the correct sentences below. If the adjective has a consonant + single vowel + consonant spelling, the final consonant must be doubled before adding the ending. These very common adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative forms. Expensiveis a three-syllable adjective so we keep the adjective the same and add ‘more’ before it), Hannah is taller than Jane. A-Z list of 35 comparative and superlative adjectives with examples. The second/third…According to Mastercard’s Global Destination Cities Index, London is the second most visited city in the world. Â© EF Education First 2020. bad – worse – the worst (irregular) I think the weather’s … Healthyends in ‘y’ so we add –iest to the end of the adjective). FarIt’s far healthier to eat a salad than a burger. In this home study guide, we will share with you 35 effective strategies to help you get faster results by using the best ESL resources and websites. They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern: Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object). Here is a list of sentences making comparisons between two things: The Pacific Ocean is deeper than the Arctic Ocean. Now that we know how to identify comparative and superlative adjectives, let's see them in action. They're also used to compare one thing against the rest of a group. This tree is (tall) __________ than that one. Terms & Conditions Cookies PolicyOTUK Training Ltd. Company registered in England No. In these instances, only two items are being compared. ", Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more nouns. A continuación hay una lista … Comparisons can also be made in the opposite direction with "less" and "least." Parrots are the noisiest birds in the jungle. In the examples above, it's clear there are varying degrees of comparison between new, newer, and newest. The second item of comparison can be omitted if it is clear from the context (final example below). Let's explore some examples below. Ready? MuchSarah has much longer hair than Anna. In some cases, a whole new word is used. Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (larger, smaller, faster, higher). Often used when we don’t know something for sure).
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