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facts about andromeda constellation

Galaxy Evolution Explorer of NASA spotted pockets of young, relatively old and old stars in Andromeda Galaxy. The Andromeda star constellation is visible for part of the year in the Northern Hemisphere, meaning UK residents are able to peer up at Andromeda chained in the sky. Since it is the nearest spiral galaxy to us, astronomers use the Andromeda Galaxy to understand the origin and evolution of such galaxies. Other major stars from Andromeda include: Andromeda is one of the biggest constellations and the 19th largest in the sky. The estimated mass of Andromeda is 400 billion solar masses. Sky Chart #: 3. Since it is the nearest spiral galaxy to us, astronomers use the Andromeda Galaxy to understand the … Andromeda is most prominent during autumn evenings in the Northern Hemisphere, along with several other constellations named for characters in the Perseus myth. Some constellations are complicated and become connected with wildly different mythological stories. These stars orbit each other in 96.7 days. [1] The astronomer named Ptolemy listed Andromeda when he made a list of 48 constellations. She was chained to a seaside rock as a sacrifice to stop the sea monster Cetus from ravaging the Aethiopian coast and destroying the country. The stars, Alpheratz & Mirach are its brightest stars. . We are open 24/7. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. This constellation is also referred to as the Chained Maiden, Persea (wife of Perseus), or Cepheis(daughter of Cepheus). Andromeda was chained to a rock and left to die; however, Perseus came along and saved her (they were later married and had 6 children). 19. It can be viewed from both the Northern and Southern hemispheres but is actually located in the first quadrant of the Northern hemisphere at latitudes between +90° and -40°. Andromeda is a well-known figure from Greek mythology. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In the galaxy cluster known as the Local Group, Andromeda is the largest galaxy. Andromeda, in astronomy, constellation of the northern sky at about one hour right ascension and 40° north declination. The Andromeda constellation was recorded for the first time by Greek astronomer Claudius Ptolemy in the 2nd century, It would be truly amazing if the constellations could be joined together with lines and we got a full and detailed image of the mythological figures they are said to represent. It is named after the princess Andromeda in Greek mythology. The Andromeda constellation also contains the Andromeda galaxy, which is a larger spiral galaxy that is next to the Milky Way galaxy. If you want to see Andromeda from the UK, the best time to go stargazing is in November - and look for the constellations around 9pm. Instead, some of its stars along with stars from neighbouring Pisces make up legs of a person or boar. I WANT TO LEARN ALL ABOUT THE ANDROMEDA GALAXY! Andromeda is surrounded in Greek mythology. In retaliation, the sea god sent a sea monster to flood the King’s land. Others, like the Andromeda constellation, are a little more straightforward. This relatively simple grouping of stars can be best viewed between the months of February to August in the Northern hemisphere and between October and December in the Southern hemisphere. That’s why we make it possible for you to name a star in the Online Star Register! This page was last changed on 1 May 2013, at 22:54. Check them out. All of the stars are at different distances. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. The universe is fascinating. OSR has been naming stars for people all around the world since the start of this millennium and is now the number one star register service in the world. It is suggested that Athena was the goddess to commemorate Andromeda by placing her in the stars alongside her mother and husband. The spiral arms of the Andromeda Galaxy are being distorted by gravitational interactions with two companion galaxies, M32 and M110. The Myth Behind the Constellation Andromeda. Others, like the Andromeda constellation, are a little more straightforward. [2], The Andromeda Galaxy is inside Andromeda, so it has the same name. © 2020 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Akṣa Ventures. However, she was saved by Perseus before the sea monster arrived. The closest neighbor galaxy to our very own Milky Way galaxy is the Andromeda galaxy. Some of the stars from Andromeda are especially close. Andromeda has a double nucleus. Andromeda is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. But at the core, there is also at least one super-massive black hole. 1. The Local Group is a cluster of 54 galaxies including Milky Way and Triangulum. Don’t be fooled by these wonderous constellations! Andromeda was tied to a rock and left for a sea monster to find her, all because her mother thought herself as being exceptionally beautiful. The Andromeda Galaxy has at least two spiral arms, plus a ring of dust that may have come from the smaller galaxy M32. [3] The brightest star in Andromeda is called Alpha Andromedae, which is a binary star. The gigantic stellar stream which orbits the galaxy like a wispy cloud actually the remains of an ancient companion galaxy which Andromeda ripped off billions of years ago. The rest of Andromeda makes up other constellations. We know your curious brain is hungry! Star Name Registry! 15. The brighter star making up this binary is made up of extreme levels of manganese and mercury and burns with a surface temperature of 13,800 K. Alpheratz can also claim to be the brightest mercury-manganese star known so far. We will be moving some content to a new domain. The Andromeda constellation is a pattern created by distant stars, in the nighttime sky. Andromeda is the 19th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 722 square degrees. The Andromeda galaxy is orbited by several smaller galaxies, some of which are visible through a telescope or binoculars. Andromeda is accompanied by 14 dwarf galaxies, including M32, M110, and possibly M33 (The Triangulum Galaxy). Constellations like Andromeda are patterns of stars seen in the sky, that were identified and named by ancient civilizations. Andromeda is the 19th biggest constellation and was first listed about 2,000 years ago by Ptolemy, who was a Greco-Roman scientist. The Andromedids takes place each year from October 26th to November 20th, and on the 8th peaks at less than two meteors per hour. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter for discounts and product updates. Though Andromeda is the largest galaxy, it is not the most massive one in Local Cluster. Not only does it have a massive star cluster right at its heart, but it also has at least one supermassive. 20. She was the daughter to Queen Cassiopeia and King Cepheus of Ethiopia. It is situated near the constellation connected with her mother who offended the sea nymphs, Cassiopeia. Chinese astronomy does not identify the Andromeda constellation. This distortion is caused by the gravitational tug of the companions M32 and M110. Confused? It has also been called Persea ("Perseus's wife") or Cepheis ("Cepheus's daughter"). This may mean getting away from built-up areas and escaping into nature. The constellation’s brightest star is called Alpheratz and it is less than 100 light years from Earth, which by the usual distances of stars if fairly close. We use cookies to provide the best experience. Quick Facts about Andromeda Constellation Andromeda consists of 16 main stars. It is named after the princess Andromeda in Greek mythology.It is sometimes called "the Chained Lady" or "the Chained Woman" in English. Andromeda is the 19th biggest constellation and was first listed about 2,000 years ago by Ptolemy, who was a Greco-Roman scientist. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. Enjoy! All orders will be dispatched within 12 working hours and sent free via Royal Mail 1st class delivery (1-3 working days). 12. It can be seen at latitudes between +90 and -40 degrees. So, are you ready for 20 interesting Andromeda galaxy facts? The closest of the zodiac constellations to Andromeda is Pisces. Different interpretations and star arrangements exist, but the most popular include Andromeda spreading her arms with each wrist attached to a chain. Well, there is no single answer to the distance to Andromeda from Earth. It is the closest spiral galaxy to Earth. This doesn’t make stargazing any less of an amazing activity to do with friends. 16. She might come up on your next family quiz so smarten up with some extra facts about the Andromeda star constellation: Learn about more interesting star constellations at Star Named Registry soon, the #1 place for your star-themed gifts!

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