Our complete resource of area & country codes will help you make your call to Kingstown and other St. Vincentian cities. Average annual rainfall ranges from about 60 inches (1,500 mm) on the coast to 150 inches (3,800 mm) in the central mountains. , It is thought that Christopher Columbus sighted the island in 1498, giving it the name St Vincent. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (/ˌɡrɛnəˈdiːnz/ (listen)), also frequently known simply as Saint Vincent, is an English-speaking Caribbean country of several islands in the Lesser Antilles island arc, in the southeast Windward Islands, which lies in the West Indies at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean. The island has a total surface area of 344 square kilometres (133 sq mi), or about 88% of the total country area, 19 times that of the country's second largest island Bequia. In 2017, Saint Vincent signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. The archipelago in the Lesser Antilles is located south of Saint Lucia, west of Barbados, and north east of Grenada.The island nation shares maritime borders with Barbados, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. The parliamentary opposition is made up of the largest minority stakeholder in the general elections, headed by the leader of the opposition. Joshua Airport.  Conditions remained harsh for both former slaves and immigrant agricultural workers, as depressed world sugar prices kept the economy stagnant until the turn of the century. The most notable was the West Indies Federation, which collapsed in 1962.  Columbus named the island Saint Vincent, since it is said to have been discovered on 22 January, the feast day of the patron saint of Lisbon and Valencia, Vincent of Saragossa. Saint Vincent island belongs to the Lesser Antilles chain. A two-thirds majority was required, and it was defeated by 29,019 votes (55.64 per cent) to 22,493 (43.13 per cent). During this period, the British made several unsuccessful attempts to affiliate St. Vincent with other Windward Islands in order to govern the region through a unified administration. According to the updated site as of 16 January 2017, on 13 May 2016 the agreement went to "In Force" status. Of the many islands and … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines gained independence from the British on October 27, 1979 and became part of the British Commonwealth of Nations thereafter. Cultivated land spreads out below the forest zone, and in some areas terraces protect against erosion. The name of the Grenadines refers to the Spanish city of Granada, but to differentiate it from the island of the same name, the diminutive was used. Resident Tutor, University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Kingstown, St. Vincent. ", The Draft American Declaration of the Rights of the Indigenous Persons appear to be a working document. , The uneasy peace between the British and the Black Caribs led to the Second Carib War, which lasted from 1795 to 1796. Some of the Grenadines are inhabited — Bequia, Mustique, Union Island, Canouan, Palm Island, Mayreau, Young Island — while others are not: Tobago Cays, Petit Saint Vincent, Baliceaux, Battowia, Quatre, Petite Mustique, Savan and Petit Nevis. Nine are inhabited, including the mainland St Vincent and the Grenadines islands: Young Island, Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Union Island, Mayreau, Petit St Vincent and Palm Island. The country hosts a population of around 101,844 individuals. It is located in the Caribbean Sea, between Saint Lucia and Grenada. There are other ethnic groups such as Portuguese (from Madeira) and East Indians, both brought in to work on the plantations after the abolishing of slavery by the British living on the island. , Various attempts by the English and Dutch to claim the island proved unsuccessful, and it was the French who were first able to colonise the island, settling in the town of Barrouallie on the leeward side of St Vincent in 1719. Other Christians include Jehovah's Witnesses (0.6%), Roman Catholics (7.5%), Evangelicals (2.8%), Church of God (2.5%), Brethren Christian (1.3%), and the Salvation Army (0.3%). Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). For the place in the U.S. state of Florida, see, Island of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Show map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. , During the Anglo-French War (1778–1783) the French recaptured St Vincent in 1779. , The office of Governor-General has mostly ceremonial functions including the opening of the islands' House of Assembly and the appointment of various government officials. In addition, the natives of Bequia are permitted to hunt up to four humpback whales per year under IWC subsistence quotas. The economy then went into a period of decline, with many landowners abandoning their estates and leaving the land to be cultivated by liberated slaves.  After its end, labour shortages on the plantations resulted, and this was initially addressed by the immigration of indentured servants; in the late 1840s many Portuguese immigrants arrived from Madeira and between 1861 and 1888 shiploads of Indian labourers arrived. , Before the arrival of Europeans and Africans in the 16th century, various Amerindian groups passed through or settled on St. Vincent and the Grenadines, including the Ciboney, Arawak, and Carib people. Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. , The volcano La Soufrière erupted in 1812, resulting in considerable destruction, The British abolished slavery in Saint Vincent (as well as in the other British West Indies colonies) in 1834, and an apprenticeship period followed which ended in 1838. , The judicial branch of government is divided into district courts, the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court and the Privy Council in London being the court of last resort. After the attainment of independence in 1979 the multi-island state was renamed Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Omissions?  There were seven other signatories to the agreement on that day. Saint Vincent lies in the path of the northeast trade winds and has a tropical maritime climate. More than 95% of the beaches on the mainland have black sand, while most of the beaches in the Grenadines have white sand. This treaty covered taxes, residence, tax jurisdictions, capital gains, business profits, interest, dividends, royalties and other areas.  There were also a series of strikes in the early 1980s. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. The economy then went into a period of decline with many landowners abandoning their estates and leaving the land to be cultivated by liberated slaves. On 6 July 1994 at Sherbourne Conference Centre, St Michael, Barbados, as a representative of the Government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, then (James Mitchell, who was subsequently knighted) signed the Double Taxation Relief (CARICOM) Treaties.  English is used in education, government, religion, and other formal domains, while Creole (or 'dialect' as it is referred to locally) is used in informal situations such as in the home and among friends. In, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 02:48. The tourism sector has considerable potential for development. The Opobo king Jaja was exiled to St. Vincent after his 1887 arrest by the British for shipping cargoes of palm oil directly to Liverpool without the intermediation of the National African Company. St. Vincent and the Grenadines are in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. , In 2009, a referendum was held on a proposal to adopt a new constitution that would make the country a republic, replacing Queen Elizabeth II as head of state with a non-executive President, a proposal supported by Prime Minister Gonsalves. , Saint Vincent protests against Venezuela's claim to give full effect to Aves (Bird) Island, which creates a Venezuelan EEZ/continental shelf extending over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea.. The Black Caribs however, opposed to the British presence, went into open conflict against the British, starting the First Carib War which lasted from 1772 to 1773. Adult literacy was 88.1% in 2004. The name Saint Vincent originally applied to the mainland and the group of smaller islands associated with it. The government has been relatively unsuccessful at introducing new industries, and the unemployment rate remains high at 19.8% in the 1991 census to 15% in 2001. In September 2017, at the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly, the Prime Ministers of the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines called for UN action on alleged human rights abuses committed on Western New Guinea's indigenous Papuans.
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